OSPF & BGP with OpenBSD

bsd/ospf | bsd/ospf-n-bgp | bsd/bgp | cisco/ospf | cisco/ospf-n-bgp | cisco/bgp

assuming kvm/obsd gns3 guests

IMAGE HERE

this guide elaborates on the previously used OSPF network

Here we have four OSPF routers (router1, obsd1, obsd2, router3) and three BGP nodes (obsd1,2,3). Instead of populating a global default route, we would rather like to emulate another scenario. Although the two OSPF networks have their respective default route re-distributed, what if there’s no BGP transit point that offers a global default route?

We want the three networks to be able to communicate with each other, what do?…

The following setup shows how to replicate that PoC without this final step. There is a trick!

NETPREP

vpcs*

ip 10.1.1.1/24 10.1.1.254
ip 10.3.3.1/24 10.3.3.254
save

workstation (libvirt)

since there’s no NAT done within the PoC (beside libvirt’s), we need to enforce the routes

route add -net 10.0.0.0/24 gw 192.168.122.179
route add -net 10.1.1.0/24 gw 192.168.122.179
route add -net 10.2.2.0/24 gw 192.168.122.179
route add -net 10.3.3.0/24 gw 192.168.122.179
route add -net 1.2.3.0/24 gw 192.168.122.179

obsd*

hostname obsd1
hostname obsd2
hostname obsd3

echo obsd1 > /etc/myname
echo obsd2 > /etc/myname
echo obsd3 > /etc/myname

    vi /etc/hostname.vio0

inet 1.2.3.1/24
inet 1.2.3.2/24
inet 1.2.3.3/24

    vi /etc/hostname.vio1

inet 10.1.1.254/24
inet 10.2.2.254/24
dhcp

apply and enable forwarding

    sh /etc/netstart

sysctl net.inet.ip.forwarding=1
sysctl net.inet6.ip6.forwarding=1
echo net.inet.ip.forwarding=1 >> /etc/sysctl.conf
echo net.inet6.ip6.forwarding=1 >> /etc/sysctl.conf

OSPF

two out of three BGP routers redistribute their routes to their respective OSPF area 0

obsd1,2

vi /etc/ospfd.conf

    # obsd1
    router-id 1.2.3.1
    redistribute connected
    redistribute default

    area 0.0.0.0 {
            interface vio1
    }

    # obsd2
    router-id 1.2.3.2
    redistribute connected
    redistribute default

    area 0.0.0.0 {
            interface vio1
    }

chmod 600 /etc/ospfd.conf

BGP PEERING

vi /etc/bgpd.conf

obsd1

AS 65001
router-id 1.2.3.1  

connect-retry 30
log updates
network 10.1.1.0/24
network 10.0.0.0/24

neighbor 1.2.3.2 {
    remote-as 65002
    announce IPv4
}

neighbor 1.2.3.3 {
    remote-as 65003
    announce IPv4
}

allow from any
allow to any

obsd2

AS 65002
router-id 1.2.3.2

connect-retry 30
log updates
network 10.2.2.0/24
network 10.3.3.0/24

neighbor 1.2.3.1 {
    remote-as 65001
    announce IPv4
}

neighbor 1.2.3.3 {
    remote-as 65003
    announce IPv4
}

allow from any
allow to any

obsd3

AS 65003
router-id 1.2.3.3

connect-retry 30
log updates
network 192.168.122.0/24

neighbor 1.2.3.1 {
    remote-as 65001
    announce IPv4
}

neighbor 1.2.3.2 {
    remote-as 65002
    announce IPv4
}

allow from any
allow to any

Ready to go

start and enable OSPFD at boot-time

obsd1,2

ospfd -d
^C

rcctl enable ospfd
rcctl restart ospfd

start and enable BGPD at boot-time

bgpd -nf /etc/bgpd.conf

obsd*

    rcctl enable bgpd
    rcctl restart bgpd

service should be up and listening 179/tcp

netstat -an -f inet | grep .179

check status and terminate

rcctl check bgpd
    pgrep bgpd
    ps auxww | grep bgpd

rcctl stop bgpd

Acceptance

foreign routes should show up

    netstat -rn -f inet

tail -f /var/log/daemon
bgpctl show
bgpctl show neighbor
bgpctl show rib
bgpctl show rib detail
bgpctl show rib detail 10.1.1.0/24
bgpctl show fib bgp
bgpctl show table

vpcs1

ping 10.3.3.1
trace 10.3.3.1

ping 192.168.122.1
trace 192.168.122.1

this one won’t work because BGP routers obsd1 and obsd2 don’t know about the public network at all

#ping 1.1.1.1
#trace 1.1.1.1

vpcs2

ping 192.168.122.1
trace 192.168.122.1

Resources

Routing with OpenBSD using OpenOSPFD and OpenBGPD https://www.openbsd.org/papers/linuxtag06-network.pdf


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