Setting up & Operating GIT repositories

Client Setup

identify yourself,

#git config --global --edit
git config user.name
git config user.name "your name or user@hostname"
git config user.email
git config user.email "your@email"

some defaults,

#git config --global push.default simple
#git config --global core.editor elvis

Basic usage

see the changed files

git log
git log -p -1
git show COMMIT --stat
git show COMMIT

see the 5 last commit diffs

git log --patch -5

see what’s been staged for commit already

git diff --cached --stat
git diff --cached
git status -v

Dirty speed-up tweaks

for text or html files, eventually avoid comments

git config --global alias.nc 'commit -a --allow-empty-message -m ""'
git config --global alias.ci 'commit --allow-empty-message -m ""'
git config --get-regexp alias

–or– directly use the shell aliases for that matter

alias push='git commit -a --allow-empty-message -m "" && git push'
alias commit='git commit --allow-empty-message -m ""'
alias stat='git diff --stat --cached origin/master'

Fetching a repository

Github

git clone git@github.com:ACCOUNT/REPO.git
#git clone https://github.com/pbraun9/slackbuilds.git

Gitlab on-premises

git clone ssh://git@gitsrv/home/git/project.git
#git clone http://git@gitsrv/home/git/project.git
#git clone https://git@gitsrv/home/git/project.git

GIT in production

update the list of branches and switch to the new revision

    git fetch -a
    git checkout release-1.1.0
    git pull

and restart the application

Troubleshooting

ca

don’t forget to define your trust store, you need to do that manually on NetBSD

git config --global http.sslVerify true

raw control chars

when doing git diff

ESC[32m+ESC[mESC[32m#

==> either find out where on earth the default behavior for less got changed (some old slackware release doing -M?… –or– enable “raw” control characters in your PAGER

git config --global core.pager "less -r"

share a repo across the file-system

If you need to share a repo with another user, using group permissions as such

#homedir does not need to be writable, but executable
chmod 750 /home/gollum/
cd /home/gollum/

#now making the repo writable for the group
chown -R gollum:gollum pub.git/
find pub.git/ -type d -exec chmod 770 {} \;
find pub.git/ -type f -exec chmod 660 {} \;
find pub.git/ ! -type d ! -type f

you need to fsck/prune/repack/fsck after changing perms. The link (see below) even says you need to do it on both sides, local and remote.

git fsck
git prune
git repack
git fsck

Resources

How to show what a commit did? https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1157818/how-to-show-what-a-commit-did

8.1 Customizing Git - Git Configuration https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Customizing-Git-Git-Configuration#Basic-Client-Configuration

Show File Diffs When Viewing Git Log https://til.hashrocket.com/posts/8ii3emcrda-show-file-diffs-when-viewing-git-log

The Git Hater’s Guide http://www.evan.org/Fun/Git/index.htm

10 things I hate about Git https://stevebennett.me/2012/02/24/10-things-i-hate-about-git/

List Git aliases https://stackoverflow.com/questions/7066325/list-git-aliases

How to see the changes in a Git commit? https://stackoverflow.com/questions/17563726/how-to-see-the-changes-in-a-git-commit

git: can’t push (unpacker error) related to permission issues https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4025708/git-cant-push-unpacker-error-related-to-permission-issues

usage

https://stackoverflow.com/questions/13787109/how-to-see-changes-to-a-file-before-commit/13787903

https://linuxize.com/post/change-git-commit-message/


How do I show the changes which have been staged? https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1587846/how-do-i-show-the-changes-which-have-been-staged

git-diff - Show changes between commits, commit and working tree, etc https://git-scm.com/docs/git-diff

Git - deleted some files locally, how do I get them from a remote repository https://stackoverflow.com/questions/4235431/git-deleted-some-files-locally-how-do-i-get-them-from-a-remote-repository


Exploring History https://swcarpentry.github.io/git-novice/05-history/

2.3 Git Basics - Viewing the Commit History https://git-scm.com/book/en/v2/Git-Basics-Viewing-the-Commit-History


GUIDES | LECTURES | BENCHMARKS | SMTP HEALTH